A Ciwara dance ceremony close to Segou, in the background the Niger-river, before 1940.
“The tji wara society members use a headdress representing, in the form of an antelope, the mythical being who taught men how to farm. The word tji means “work” and wara means “animal,” thus “working animal.” There are antelopes with vertical or horizontal direction of the horns. In the past the purpose of the tji wara association was to encourage cooperation among all members of the community to ensure a successful crop. In recent time, however, the Bamana concept of tji wara has become associated with the notion of good farmer, and the tji wara masqueraders are regarded as a farming beast. The Bamana sponsor farming contests where the tji wara masqueraders perform. Always performing together in a male and female pair, the coupling of the antelope masqueraders speaks of fertility and agricultural abundance.” Source: A History of Art in Africa, Publisher: Prentice Hall/Harry N. Abrams.
1.600 – 2.000,- Euro
Height: 91 cm
Weight: 1,4 kg